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Natural Diversities and Crops of Karnataka

April 22, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 95

In Karnataka total forest cover is about 36,991 sq kms. So in the state, in it's total geographical area about 19.28% is covered with forest. It is less than the national average of 20.64%. Forest coverage in Karnataka is also not uniform. It is different from place to place. North Canara district stand first in forest coverage in the state. About 80% of its geographical area is covered with forest. Last place goes to Bangalore City district. Only about 0.1% of its geographical area is covered with forest. Next place goes to Mandya district (0.7%).

The State has many National parks and sanctuaries and Major are, Nagarahole National Park (Rajiv Gandhi National Park): It is situated in Virajpet taluk, Coorg district. It's area is about 640 sq kms. Variety of animals and trees are found here.

Bandipur National Park: It is situated in Gundlupet taluk, Chamarajanagar district. It's area is about 874 sq kms. In Bandipur National Park, Government of India has started the 'Tiger Project' in the year. This project aims at increasing tiger population and their protection.

Bannerghatta National Park: This National Park is in Bangalore Urban district and is about 24 Kms away from Bangalore City. Varieties of animals are found here.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary: It is one of the famous Bird Sanctuary of Karnataka. It is situated near Srirangapatna of Mandya district. The area of Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is about 0.67 sq kms. Variety of birds belong to different parts of the world can be seen here.

Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary: The Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary is situated in Thirthahalli taluk of Shimoga district. This Sanctuary is on the bank of river Tunga and is very near to Gajanur anicut.

Karnataka is primarily an agriculture state and 66% of it's population is living in rural area and they are mainly depending upon agriculture. The agricultural activities of the State depends upon various factors like land characteristics, weather, soil and availability of water. In Karnataka out of it's total geographical area, around 122.4 lakh hectare land is crops. Karnataka state is ahead in the production of many crops. It stands first in the production Coffee, Sunflower, Ragi etc.. And second in the production of Areca, Coconut and third in Jowar, Cotton and tobacco.

Major Food Crops are Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Maize, Bajra, and Wheat. Commercial Crops are Sugarcane, Cotton, and Tobacco

Coffee, Tea, Rubber, Coconut, Areca, Grapes, Orange and Cashewnut are the main plantation crops of Karnataka. Karnataka stands first in the Production of the Coffee in India. It supplies around 68% of the total Coffee production in the country. Coffee is mainly grown in the Malnad districts of Coorg, Chickmagalore, Hassan, Shimoga, South Canara and Mysore. Coorg district stands first and Chickmagalore district second in production of Coffee in the state.

The State Karnataka that with deep forest lands with rare flora and fauna, Coorg is the district with Animal and Sanctuaries and great landscapes. Coorg, Chickmagalure, Dakshin and Uttar Kannada districts are the Best Hill Station in Karnataka.

Source: EzineArticles
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