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How The Thyroid Works

March 06, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 149

The thyroid is the gland that is in charge of regulating processes related to the body's metabolic functions. It is a butterfly-shaped gland located near the throat which is controlled by the pituitary gland that is in charge of the endocrine (hormones) system.

Since the thyroid is in charge of the regulation of an individual's metabolism, it affects the growth of the individual as well as its proper maturation. The thyroid gland is also responsible for regulating the use of energy inside the body, the production of proteins, and the body's general reaction and sensitivity to other hormones being produced for the overall needs of a body.

The thyroid makes hormones that are responsible for the regulation of the metabolic functions and proper energy use. These hormones are triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (T4).

The thyroid is the gland that processes iodine taken from the digestive system to produce the previously mentioned hormones. The epithelial cells found in the thyroid uses the iodine to produce the thyroid hormones mentioned above.

Iodine is an important substance for the production of thyroid hormone. If a body lacks the sufficient amount of iodine that the thyroid needs, this may lead to a condition called hypothyroidism. This is one of two of the most common problems of the thyroid.

The body cannot produce iodine on its own. To have proper amounts of iodine inside the body, intake of food rich with iodine helps the thyroid gland produce the hormones needed to regulate the body's metabolism.

Common Problems of the Thyroid Gland

Hashimoto's thyroiditis also known as Hashimoto's disease is an auto immune condition where the thyroid gets inflamed which could also eventually lead to hypothyroidism. People with hypothyroidism can have weight gain as a symptom due to a slower metabolism rate because of the lack of thyroid hormones produced.

The second most common problem that the thyroid has is called hyperthyroidism or excessive production of the thyroid hormone. When this happens, metabolism goes too quickly and symptoms like diarrhea or weight loss can be observed.

People with hyperthyroidism can also notice more hair falling out than usual. The overproduction of thyroid hormones can be caused by another auto immune disease known as Grave's disease which affects the thyroid tissues.

Inflammation of the thyroid which happens when one has hypothyroidism is more noticeable and may manifest as a bump or growth in the neck area. However, when symptoms concerning the function of the thyroid appear, it is best to seek the advice of medical professionals.

Dr. Gerry Hinley, D.C. believes Chiropractic's philosophy that teaches a person could heal from within, without drugs, surgery or their harmful side effects. He opened Integrative Physical Medicine of Chicago, where he has been making changes in peoples lives by helping them overcome and in many cases reverse thyroid dysfunction.

Source: EzineArticles
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