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Tennis Ball History

January 26, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 158

The game of tennis, known as lawn tennis was developed in the 1870's from the game of royal or real tennis, which has been played for centuries. While both games are similar, in that they are both based on two or four players opposing each other from different sides of a net hitting a ball back and forth. Real tennis balls have been made from spherical stitched envelope of leather or cloth stuffed with rags, horsehair or similar material, while tennis balls have always been based on rubber. From the start beginning of lawn tennis in the 1970's, India rubber, made from a vulcanization process invented by Charles Goodyear in the 1850's, was used to manufacture lawn tennis balls.

Originally, tennis balls were made of rubber, but the wearing and playing properties of the balls were improved by covering them with flannel stitched around the rubber core. The ball was quickly developed by making the core hollow and pressurizing it with gas. Originally, core manufacture was based on the 'clover-leaf' principle whereby uncured rubber sheet was stamped into a shape resembling a three-leaf clover and this was assembled into a roughly spherical space by machinery adapted for that purpose.

Historically, balls were either black or white in color, depending on the background color of the courts. In 1972 the ITF introduced yellow tennis balls into the rules of tennis, as research had shown these balls to be more visible to television to television viewers. Meanwhile Wimbledon continued to use the traditional white balls but adopted the yellows balls in 1986. Until high attitude balls were introduced into the rules in 1989, only one type of tennis ball was allowed. The type 1 and type 3 balls were introduced into the rules in in 2002.

The History of Rules:

1965-Wording of Rule

The ball shall have a uniform outer surface. If there are seams they shall be stitch-less. The ball shall be more than two and a half inches and less than two and five-eighths inches in diameter, and more than two ounces and less than two and one sixteenth ounces in weight. The ball shall have a bound of more than 53 inches and less than 58 inches when dropped 100 inches upon a concrete base, and a deformation of more than .265 of an inch and less than .290 of an inch when subjected to a pressure of 18lb. Applied to each end of any diameter.

Velma Matthews is the owner of and knows the importance of picking the right tennis racquet for the beginner all the way to the professional player. She is always available for answering questions and loves to serve others.

Source: EzineArticles
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