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Incorporating Hand Water Pumps Into Self-Sufficient Living

February 26, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 171

How much water do you think you use in a day? If you calculate all the times a toilet is flushed, hands washed, a washing machine run, or a shower taken, that amount ends up being 110 gallons. Water conservation is a core element of self-sufficient living, and while habits must be modified to such a lifestyle, hand water pumps, along with water storage tanks and barrels, assist with building a supply for current and future use.

Complying with the Safe Drinking Water Act, a hand water pump can serve as a primary or backup source. A motorized pump often serves as the former, but rather than draw electricity from a grid, such devices can be equipped with solar panels to run. Nevertheless, electricity may not be available, and, in such instances, a hand water pump is essential.

Hand water pumps can be installed next to well casings and are even capable of hooking up to the household plumbing systems via a check valve. The device is effective in both shallow and deep wells of four- or six-inch diameters and is capable of pumping five gallons per minute.

So, what can be done with the water? As a water pump, motorized or hand-operated, may be your sole source of water, you need to store enough for present uses, including drinking, washing, and hygiene, and for future storage. Water storage tanks and barrels are ideal for building up a future supply. In the event of an emergency, the backup water can be accessed, purified and filtered, and put to all basic uses.

Water storage tanks and barrels come in portable and stationary models. Made out of food-grade high-density polyethylene, such containers can hold 15 to over 1,000 gallons. However, a water supply is affected by light. To maintain a usable, long-term supply, a water storage tank must never be placed in direct light and should be set on top of a non-porous barrier. In winter, as you're well aware, water freezes. To keep the storage tank or container intact, make sure it is no more than 90-percent full once the weather turns cold.

Aside from hand water pumps and storage tanks, a purification and filtration system must be part of your self-sufficient living solution. As the water pumped up from the ground is still in a raw state, all bacteria, microorganisms, chemicals, and debris must be extracted before the water can be used.

Source: EzineArticles
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