Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

What Is Executive Functioning?

February 04, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 148

Executive functioning is a series of thinking processes that control the rest of what the brain does.

I often describe it to parents as being like the CEO of an organisation. The CEO runs the organisation. He or she doesn't do all the work, but works out where the resources are needed, changes the focus quickly when required, and has an overall plan. The CEO deals with the unexpected and has the organisation doing multiple operations at the same time.

As children grow they have to learn to do all these things with their brain. By the time they are adults they are competent at multitasking, keeping attention on a task, changing focus quickly, planning and organising, fixing misunderstandings, and controlling impulses. They need to be able to display emotions that are appropriate to a situation and to remember and process information.

The frontal lobe part of the brain is involved in all these executive functions. If children do not develop their executive functioning skills at the rate expected for their age, they have all sorts of difficulties with attention, communication and relationships. They can be bright, intelligent children who become frustrated and don't seem to achieve their potential. The situation can be extremely frustrating for parents and for teachers.

Children with executive functioning deficits find it difficult to control escalating emotions. They tend to overreact and often people feel like they are "walking on egg shells" around them. They are procrastinators and don't know where to start a task. They don't edit their work well and spell erratically. Their listening can appear impulsive, listening some times and not others.

They often don't learn from their mistakes. They also tend to get stuck on one line of thought. They often think there is only one solution to a problem.

In conversation they sometimes don't notice when the topic has changed. When they talk they can mix up the tenses and often use long, convoluted sentences without getting to the main point.

One of the most frustrating things for parents is when children start to tell them about something without taking into account their listener's perspective. So they don't think to say what they are talking about, or when it happened or who it happened to. They fail to supply important information but get upset when other people don't understand them.

They certainly can't multitask. There is no point in trying to talk to them while they are watching TV or playing on the computer!

Difficulties in executive functioning have an effect on communication and social skills. If this sounds like your child, find a local Speech Pathologist who works on these areas of language to get them back on track.

Discover more about how to deal with this issue at

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Executive Function


Thinking Processes


Cognitive Function






Executive Funci

Your body needs glucose in order to get energy for cell and tissue function. Without energy, the cells do not function properly and the immune system is compromised. When your blood glucose levels

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Diabetes l July 09, 2013 lViews: 2617

Heavy Metals - Free radicals (tissue damaging molecules that cause aging and bodily deterioration) are the result of the ever-present toxins within our environment. Heavy metals are contained in

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Supplements l July 09, 2013 lViews: 607

Braun shavers and trimmers are very standard brand and their new curser beard and head trimmer is big for trimming beards. This trimmer was specifically made to be able to trim down your beard and

By: Lovey Blackburn l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 20, 2012 lViews: 460

On this website you will find latest makeup reviews and swatches from real people. You will know how makeup products look in real life, and you can also participate! Post your photos, tips and

By: l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 09, 2012 lViews: 321

You can either seek referrals from friends and associates or search for consultants on the internet. The latter, in our opinion, would be a viable option for those pressed for time.You can either

By: Simon Liva l Health & Fitness > Diseases l December 07, 2012 lViews: 269

Healthy living is essential in today's world, to ensure one's well being. Learn how to relax and improve your mood now! Be it exercising, or indulging in one's passions and hobbies, be sure to set

By: Clarinda l Health & Fitness > Mind Body Spirit l December 02, 2012 lViews: 262

More than 70% of stutterers who undertake an intensive stuttering therapy course relapse back into stuttering fairly quickly after therapy. How can that be? Initial results are all good, and we love

By: Dave El Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 29, 2012 lViews: 176

Stuttering is a complex communication disorder rather than simply a speech disorder. The term, ABCs of Stuttering (A = Affective, B = Behavioural, C = Cognitive), sums up its complexity. Research

By: Dave El Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 29, 2012 lViews: 197

Let today be the end of procrastination of doing something about your stutter / stammer. How many times have you said to yourself, "I really have to do something about my stuttering, it's driving me

By: Dave El Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 28, 2012 lViews: 140

Do you have a child who cannot use his words to comment, or does not say what he wants? Info talk is a simple therapy technique that will possibly help your child to speak.

By: Angeline Sayocl Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 23, 2012 lViews: 159

When talking about linguistics and its diversity, there is one interesting fact. American Sign Language is actually among the most used in the world. Did you know that sign language has a grammatical

By: Syed Faran Akhtarl Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 17, 2012 lViews: 180

When most people think of speech therapy, they immediately think of articulation. Speech therapy involves more than just pronunciation. Speech therapy also helps people overcome communication

By: Rebecca H Haasl Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl June 17, 2012 lViews: 168

Do you want your child to be great at putting things together? How good do you want your child to be at following instructions - and giving others directions? Recent research has shown that that way

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl March 26, 2012 lViews: 179

Parents and teachers get frustrated, understandably, when children don't do as they are told, or don't remember what they are supposed to do. The perception often is that a child "doesn't listen".

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl February 20, 2012 lViews: 161

Dysphagia is the medical term for swallowing difficulties. Swallowing is just something that happens for most people without having to think about it, but dysphagia can affect all people of all ages,

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl February 20, 2012 lViews: 171

Why do bright children make poor decisions and get into trouble? In my Speech Pathology practise I frequently meet children who are brought along because they are not achieving their potential at

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl February 15, 2012 lViews: 142

Parents who bring their child to me for Speech Pathology often tell me that they have looked dyspraxia up on the internet, but there are so many different terms that seem to be used it becomes very

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl February 12, 2012 lViews: 166

Literacy - acquiring reading, writing, and spelling - is one of the most complex things we do. This article gives an overview of all the different processes that need to happen, all at the same time,

By: Adele Janel Health & Fitness > Speech Pathologyl February 12, 2012 lViews: 174

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus