Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

Early Stage Prostate Cancer Treatments

February 16, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 212

Prostate Cancer

The prostate is located at the base of the bladder. It sits atop the urethra and has two lobes that encircle it. These lobes have muscle tissue that allows you to regulate the flow of your urine. The prostate produces seminal fluid which is used to carry sperm during orgasm.

Prostate cancer affects the activities of the prostate beginning in what experts refer to as stage T2. At this point the early signs of prostate cancer may begin to appear:

Difficulty with starting or stopping urine flowInability to urinateWeak or feeble urine flowUrination more frequently, especially at nightThe need to urinate is intensePain during urination and ejaculationBlood in semen or urine

No physical symptoms appear during stage T1 when the cancer is in its earliest stages. Medical personnel and researchers are unanimous in the assertion that a patient's best chance for a complete recovery is to begin treatment while the cancer is in stages T1 or T2 while the disease is confined to the prostate gland and has not yet spread to the surrounding tissue. After the cancer has grown beyond the prostate, treatments currently available cannot affect a cure. The disease can only be slowed to a degree.

Surgery

Surgery has been the most commonly diagnosed treatment for men suffering from prostate cancer for many decades. There are 3 surgical procedures used for prostate cancer. Which one is recommended to you by your doctor will depend on your specific case.

A prostatectomy is done to remove the prostate. A pelvic lymph node dissection is done to remove the lymph nodes. A transurethral resection is carried out to relieve the symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate that is blocking the urethra. Sections of the prostate are removed through the urethra.

For each of these operations, a hospital stay and general anesthetic are required. Side effects from these treatments often include urinary incontinence and impotence.

External Beam Radiation Therapy

For this procedure a radioactive source is focused on your pelvic region to burn away diseased cells. It is carried out on an out-patient basis for 5 consecutive days for each of 5 consecutive weeks.

Side effects may include chronic pelvic pain, impotence and radiation burns to tissue surrounding the prostate.

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)

The concept behind this procedure is to use ablation to remove cancerous cells. Ablation is to remove a substance using heat and evaporation. Cells infected with the cancer are identified and isolated using an MRI. When the diseased cells have been targeted, they are heated using sound ultrasound waves. The procedure is non-surgical and non-invasive, using a computer controlled rectal probe. The trained urological surgeon controls the focused ultrasound via a computer screen and sensors on the probe. The ultrasound waves are extremely focused to target a small area with each pulse, and so are controlled to eliminate only the diseased cells on the prostate. Healthy cells adjacent to the tumor are usually unaffected by the focused pulse. This procedure can target the whole of the prostate gland in approximately 3 hours.

During this procedure you are given a local anesthetic and a general anesthetic. When it's finished you can go home with no dietary restrictions; of course any dietary recommendations made by your family doctor should still be followed. Ablatherm HIFU can offer a cure rate in excess of 90%.

Early stage prostate cancer treatment is progressing rapidly. Men over 50 should get regular prostate exams and screening since early detection is essential for cure.

Nancy Stonecutter is a nurse who writes about family and men's health.

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

 
0
 
0
 
Rate this Article
 vote(s)
Feedback
Print
Re-Publish

Article Tags:

Prostate Cancer Treatments

,

Prostate Cancer Stages

,

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

,

Treat Prostate Cancer

Cancer survivors can have breast reconstruction to improve their bodies and restore normalcy in their lives. Each woman deserves to feel healthy and beautiful.

By: A Aaronson l Cancer > Breast Cancer l June 19, 2012 lViews: 421

Infrared thermal imaging within the medical sector has come a long way over the last 5 years. This article looks at the argument for and against its use in detecting breast cancer.

By: Kyle G Mitchell l Cancer > Breast Cancer l June 18, 2012 lViews: 300

Asbestos is a material that has been mined and used for many years. It was used mainly in the construction industry. This is until ailments related to this element became evident. The first case was

By: Andrew Reikes-Tessier l Cancer > Lung Mesothelioma l June 13, 2012 lViews: 225

Statistics from 2007-2012 showed us that approximately 40,000 people were diagnosed each and every year, with an actual slight increase in the numbers over this period of time. To this end, a number

By: Gary Bunn l Cancer > Lung Mesothelioma l June 09, 2012 lViews: 242

In just the UK, a staggering 1 in every 14 people will suffer from lung cancer during their lifetime. Unfortunately, lung cancer does not have a great survival rate and one of the biggest reasons is

By: Gary Bunn l Cancer > Lung Mesothelioma l June 09, 2012 lViews: 241

In your home, you feel safe and secure. You devise measures to ensure that your family is living in a protected living environment. But maybe the villain isn't outside your house's walls, but within

By: Cresta B. l Cancer > Lung Mesothelioma l June 08, 2012 lViews: 225

Prostate cancer is the main cancer affecting men in North America. Prostate cancer is classified in stages. Early stages have a high cure rate, so early screening and detection is important. Learn

By: Barb Francisl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl April 12, 2012 lViews: 178

Prostate cancer affects 1 in 7 men in North America and that number is expected to grow. Of the prostate cancer treatments available, your doctor will recommend the treatment option that is best for

By: Nancy Stonecutterl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl April 12, 2012 lViews: 235

Treatment for prostate cancer has traditionally been surgery, where the prostate is removed in whole or in part, and radiotherapy, where radioactive emissions are used to burn cancerous cells away.

By: Samantha E Stewartl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl April 03, 2012 lViews: 238

The evidence corroborating the link between testosterone therapy and prostate cancer is dated and likely false. In fact, according to some modern research, low testosterone is actually a risk factor

By: David Kohnl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl April 02, 2012 lViews: 195

Most people have had little reason to research prostate cancer treatment until their lives are personally affected with their own or a loved one's diagnosis and then become lost in the abundant

By: Glinn Klienbergl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl March 22, 2012 lViews: 147

You may wonder whether your treatment options vary depending on far advanced your prostate cancer might be. The truth is, if your cancer has grown beyond the confines of your prostate gland, there is

By: Samantha E Stewartl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl March 21, 2012 lViews: 246

Prostate cancer affects 1 in 7 men in North America and that number is expected to grow. Of the prostate cancer treatments available, your doctor will recommend the treatment option that is best for

By: Nancy Stonecutterl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl April 12, 2012 lViews: 235

Prostate cancer is the number one cancer affecting men in North America. The number one risk factor is age. Prosate cancer is rare in men under 50, whereas 80% of men over 80 contract the disease.

By: Nancy Stonecutterl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl February 25, 2012 lViews: 186

Almost a quarter million men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in the U.S. this year. A further 25,000 Canadian men will be diagnosed. Knowing the various treatments for prostate cancer

By: Nancy Stonecutterl Cancer > Prostate Cancerl February 07, 2012 lViews: 203