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Medication Used for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Narcolepsy

April 16, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 178

What is Adderall?

Adderall is the name of the drug that is used to cure disease like attention deficit and narcolepsy. This drug is basically salt based and consists of elements like racemic amphetamine, racemic amphetamine sulfate, aspartate monohydrate and dextroamphetamine saccharide. All these elements are types of amphetamine salts. This drug is allowed to be sold in very few countries like the United States and Canada. It has been categorized under the list of stimulant prescription drugs because it directly affects the mesolimbic pathway of the brain. The function of this pathway is to connect the mid brain with the limbic system and the prefrontal cortex. Adderall affects this pathway by stimulating the amount of dopamine and noradrenaline. The increased production of thesetwo chemicals in the brain allows controlling the attention-deficit hyperactivity and the dyssomnia.

The therapeutic Usage of Adderall:

There are two types of formula of Addreall available in the market, the extended relief and the instant relief. Both types of formulation are used to cure the attention deficit and the dyssomnia, but the time they take to provide relief to the patient varies. The therapeutic usage of Addreall is given as,

Attention deficit disorder:

As mentioned earlier the Adderall is a common drug prescribed to the patients of attention-deficit disorder. The drug controls the disorder by balancing the certain chemical produced in brain. This disorder may be caused due to various reasons like, genes, environment, diet and social pressure. The Adderall might help the patient in increasing their attention and decreasing the hyperactivity. However, this drug needs to be administered with proper therapies as it can become an addiction and cause side-effects to the patient rather than working in a therapeutic way.

Dyssomnia or narcolepsy:

Adderall is often prescribed to the patients suffering from dyssomnia or narcolepsy. Dyssomnia is a sleep disorder, which is described by extreme sleepiness and sleep hits at an improper time. Adderall help such patients of narcolepsy by stimulating the production of certain brain chemicals.

Misuse of Adderall:

Adderall has been categorized as a Schedule II medicine by the Foodand Drug Administration department because its misuse or unguided administration might cause various side-effects or addiction for the patients. The common side effects that have been reported by the excessive use of this drug are decreased growth rate among children, excessive weight loss and anxiety. Moreover, excessive or abusive use of Adderall might also cause addiction to it. The Addiction of Adderall is caused because it stimulates certain brain chemicals, which induce the feeling of pleasure among the individuals, but it also reduces the ability of brain to produce those chemicals naturally and therefore, the individual feel the need to take the drug repeatedly. Moreover, this drug might also be misused for increasing concentration and losing weight. Such misuses and addiction of Addreall might cause different consequence for individuals like anxiety, excessive weight loss, increased heart beat and blood pressure. It has been observed that most of the addicted Adderall patients are students who need to earn better grades in their studies, as this drug help in greater concentration.

Source: EzineArticles
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