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8 Steps to An Expert Science Lesson

April 11, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 154

1. Use a "Novelty" Introduction - Do not state the objective of the unit at the beginning of a lesson. Simply present a "novelty" item to create interest and excitement. A novelty item can be any object that represents the subject taught in a lesson, such as a hat, puppet, costume, live animal or live/artificial plant. A novelty item is a motivator, like turning on a light bulb in a student's brain. The same novelty is used throughout the unit, because this helps the student connect to the subject of the unit. An example: if you're teaching about pine trees, present a miniature live/artificial tree.

2. Gain Background Knowledge - Background knowledge is gained from your students by asking a series of questions, such as: What is this? What do you know about this? What does it look like? Where have you seen this? When did you see this? What color is it? What does it feel like? DO NOT offer any answers. Be sure to write down everything your students tell you on the board, chart, paper, etc. It is very important that your students see you writing.

3. State the Lesson Objective - After the background information has been collected and discussed, state the objective of the lesson. For example, say "Today we will learn the characteristics of trees." Your students have already connected to the subject and will accept the objective with meaning and understanding.

4. Engage Your Students - Every lesson must have an "engagement" to help students connect to the lesson objective. The three steps to engagement are:

A. Introduction: Describe/show what your students will be doing during their exploration with their observation tools: hand lenses, spoons, microscopes, telescopes, music instruments, picture cards, magnets, thermometers, mirrors, rulers, etc.

B. Action: Students actively participate in the exploration. they will interact with their five senses to explore.

C. Display Results: Lead the children to describe their observations from the investigation, verbally, in writing, by drawing pictures, gestures, movement, songs, painting, crafts, etc. Let your students express what they have experienced.

5. Organize New Knowledge - Gather and organize the information that has been learned in a sequential order through questioning. Guide your students to create charts, lists, graphs (picture, bar, line, pie, etc) compare/contrast charts, a collages, pictures, and cycles.

6. Connect Through Literacy - Use any form of printed material connected to your subject that can further expand the knowledge of your students. For example, use books, posters, articles, pamphlets, newspapers, magazines, etc.

7. Connect Through Technology - Use computer technology to connect your students to the world around them. Give students vocabulary cards and guide them in using a search engine to conduct further research. It is a good idea to tape vocabulary words to the bottom of the screen for easy access. This activity will help the children identify letters and words, expand their vocabulary and develop social/emotional skills.

8. Let Students Summarize - Allow each student an opportunity to share one thing they learned about the subject they studied today. When students give an answer, convert it to a sentence. For example, a student may say "seeds." The teacher will respond, "Seeds are found in a pine cone." A student may say "trees." The teacher can respond, "Trees grow from seeds."

Connie Reza is one of the most respected and successful early childhood teachers in education today. She received the National, Texas, and Houston Associations Bilingual Teacher of the Year Awards in 2002 and 2003. An award winning children's book author and Executive Director for a nonprofit education consulting group, she invites you to sign up for free science lesson plan videos at

Source: EzineArticles
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