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Plans to Stop the Deterioration of China's Water System

May 21, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 170

As a citizen in China, you can expect only 28% of the clean, fresh water you can use in other parts of the world. A rapidly-expanding population and deteriorating, inferior water system are to blame. Add to that the many industrial facilities that are dumping chemical wastes, and you can see why the Chinese government has decided to make water quality one of its top priorities. The decision was made to set up a nationwide water resource information management system within the next three years which will help monitor water conditions and meet the demands for water consumption.

Water is a scarce commodity in China, and years of drought in some areas has added to the problem. A total population of 1.3 billion has increased demands for water to all time high levels. At the present time, approximately three quarters of the country's exploitable water resources are being consumed each year. Around two-thirds of the major cities are facing water shortages, and almost 300 million of those living in rural areas have no access to safe water. Environmental accidents have been on the rise with 542 occurring in 2011 alone. These have been caused by increasing numbers of traffic accidents as well as industrial production mishaps. The longest waterway in China, the Yangtze River, has been especially hard hit.

China's efforts in recent years have been to develop a world-power economy, and little has been done about the ensuing water pollution. More people, more modern farming, and more industries have been good for the economic state of the nation, but they have also fostered the deterioration of the present water system that the government needs to address. Their new plans are to do just that. Long-term goals include having more than 95% of reservoirs and key waterways that have specific functions up to quality standards by the year 2030. This includes water resources which provide drinking water, industrial water, and that used for agriculture.

The new system, which requires an estimated investment of $285.5 million, is designed to set up 14,000 sites to monitor the water all throughout the country. These sites will collect data on the area's water quality and consumption. The government is being urged to monitor the situation much more closely than they have done historically in an attempt to give the entire country the access it needs to clean water. Experts have high expectations that once the new system is implemented, it will do exactly that.

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Source: EzineArticles
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