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Technologies Used by Hybrid Cars to Save Fuel

April 19, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 174

Hybrid cars are able to achieve high levels of fuel efficiency and it is interesting to see how they do so. Most of these cars have their innovative features to save fuel and they are incorporated with every trick of the trade to save fuel and to increase efficiency. Though they save fuel, they are as powerful as any of the gasoline or diesel-powered cars.

One of the most important features incorporated in hybrids to save fuel is to charge their batteries with regenerative braking. When brakes are applied, the electric motor will stop supplying power to the transmission. Instead, the transmission will turn the electric motor. The final result is that the motor will work like a generator and will charge the battery. From the time you apply brakes up to the time you accelerate, the batteries will charge with no fuel being used.

There are some hybrid cars that are able to run only with their batteries. They are able to pick up speed and run until they achieve 15 mph with the battery alone. This means if you are driving in slow-moving city traffic, the engine will never work.

Hybrids use their aerodynamic designs to reduce air drag, thereby reducing the wastage of energy to counter air resistance. This is done in several ways. One is to have a shorter frontal area and to have an aerodynamic design. Another is to not to have disturbing components that increase drag. Wheel covers reduce the drag. Also the mirrors are often replaced with tiny cameras because mirrors could increase drag.

Tires of conventional cars are made to provide better road holding, lower noise and to have good traction under different weather conditions. However, they are never optimized to minimize drag. Therefore, with a conventional car, the tires cause drag to a considerable level. Instead, hybrids are fitted with special low drag tires that are inflated to a higher pressure. This also contributes to fuel efficiency of these cars.

Use of light weight material is also one of the ways hybrids save fuel. Their bodies are made out lightweight metals. Carbon fiber is one of the materials that are being used. Use of smaller engines also another way to reduce weight. When a car is lighter in weight, it uses lower volumes of fuel on picking up speed and when driven on hilly terrain.

When all these factors are used together, hybrid cars become great fuel savers. Also they are good performers.

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Source: EzineArticles
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