Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

The Ming Dynasty

June 18, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 294

The peasant uprisings broke out successively owing to the corrupt and degenerate rule in the late Yuan dynasty (1206-1368), and Zhu Yuanzhang established Xiwu Regime in 1364 after fighting battles across the country, directly confronting with the Ming regime, and he claimed himself emperor of a new dynasty- the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) in Yingtianfu (present Nanjing) in 1368. Zhu Di (later Emperor Chengzu) moved capital from Nanjing to Beijing in 1421 and took reforms in economy, political and culture, making the Ming empire more prosperous and stable.

To publicize national prestige and strengthen the bonds with foreign countries, Zheng He was sent to travel to the west under Emperor Chengzu's order for seven times, and he sailed with a fleet of 62 ships to the Southeast Asian Countries, Africa and the Indian Ocean. The national power of the Ming empire declined in the Zhengde Period and was restored in the early period of Emperor Jiajing's reign, which declined again later owing to troubles at home and aggression from abroad, including the contradictions between the emperor and the officers and the invasion from Japanese pirates. Zhang Juzheng took reforms under Emperor's Wanli's order in middle Ming dynasty, followed by "Wanli Resurgence" through putting down rebellions in Gansu and Guizhou and assisting Korea to fight against Japan. The capitalism rudiment appeared in the late Ming dynasty, when the Ming Empire covered an area of 150,000,000 square kilometers with Korea to the west and Tubo (present Tibet) to the east, and An'nan (present Vietnam) was a part of the Ming Empire as well.

Owing to the enlightened political and social environment, the science and technology surpassed the European couturieres in the Ming dynasty (especially in topography and gun powers), when great ideologists such as Wang Shouren and Li Zhi emerged. What was more, great progress was made in novels, of which the representative ones were the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, All Men Are Brothers, Journey to the West and the Golden Lotus. "The Four Masters of the Wu Painting School" (Shen Zhou, Wen Zhengming, Tang Ying and Qiu Ying) rose in the middle period of the 15th century, who absorbed the essence of the painting techniques in the Tang dynasty (618-907), Song dynasty (960-1279) and the Yuan dynasty and formed their own unique painting styles. The outstanding painter Xu Wei drew numerous excellent splash-ink paintings, and Zhang Hong found a new path to drawing landscape paintings that were very true to life.

With the large-scaled peasant uprisings breaking out in 1627 and the Black Death widely spread in Beijing in 1643, Li Zicheng took this opportunity to capture Beijing in 1644, and the last Ming-era emperor, Emperor Chongzhen, committed suicide in the Meishan Mountain (present Jingshan Mountain), resulting in the demise of the Ming dynasty and the rise of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911).

We provide more information for the visitors who are interested in the Ming Dynasty and the history of China, Qing dynasty, for more information, please visit my website.

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

History Of China


The Ming Dynasty


The Qing Dynasty


Emperor Chongzhen

It is true that a photo booth hire cannot actually replace a camera but you will never run short of photographs if you think of photo hire.It is true that a photo booth hire cannot actually replace a

By: Simon Liva l Arts & Entertainment > Photography l November 21, 2012 lViews: 268

Well-known director Pascal Laugier is once again all set to frighten his fans with another dreadful affair, The Tall Man. The spooky thriller has been produced by Clément Miserez, Kevin DeWalt,

By: rose jasmin l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l November 02, 2012 lViews: 262

The Good Wife is an American legal drama series. It was first broadcasted on CBS on 22nd September, 2009. It is the creation of Robert King and Michelle King. It is produced by the Kings, Ridley and

By: Monu Mani l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l November 01, 2012 lViews: 258

ICarly in an American teens show created by Dan Schneider who is also the executive producer of the show. this show is about a girl named Carly Shay who along with her best friends Sam and Freeddie

By: elvis l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l October 25, 2012 lViews: 265

Love stories are supposed to be full of romance, seduction and enduring love. As these funny love stories show, however, these stories can also be filled with laughter. Fortunately, shared laughter

By: Jasmine Montford l Arts & Entertainment > Humor l October 25, 2012 lViews: 312

Lost is an American television science fictional series that is full of mystery, adventure and supernatural drama. It was originally broadcasted on ABC from September 22, 2004 to May 23, 2010,

By: ramandeep l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l October 25, 2012 lViews: 337

In a recent discussion of politics, a friend asked me if I knew what signs of trouble appeared during the Pax Romana that weakened Rome. I had an idea about the decline and fall of Rome, but he

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 14, 2012 lViews: 269

What was the crisis of the Third Century" and how did Emperors Diocletian and Constantine respond to it? Simply put, the crisis of the Third Century was the end of the Roman Empire. After AD 212, the

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 14, 2012 lViews: 289

Church planting is hard work. Let God give you direction.

By: Paul L Getterl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 229

The complete story of Rome must take into account the result of empire-building for the Roman Republic. As the Romans grew more comfortable with their form of government, and the aristocrats more

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 249

A friend once asked me if I knew what kind of government and society Rome had in the Republican Period? We were talking about politics and he wanted to school me on some of the finer points of

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 219

The other day, I was talking to a gentleman who had done some humanitarian work in Guatemala. I explained to him what I had learned about Honduras, the extreme poverty, and the challenges they had

By: Lance Winslowl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 216

Initially known as Clear Ripple Garden, the Summer Palace started to build in 1750 under imperial order and was finished in 1764. It covers an area of 290 hectares, 3/4 of which is water area, and it

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisure > Travel Planningl July 06, 2012 lViews: 182

A series of far-reaching reforms were conducted during the reign of Emperor Qinshihuang, including establishing the centralization system, introducing a uniformity of weights, measures and Chinese

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisure > Timesharel June 07, 2012 lViews: 269

With a time span of over 1,800 years, the Pre-Qin Period (2,100 B.C.-221 B.C.) refers to the period preceding the Qin dynasty (221-206) in Chinese history, and it goes through 3 different historical

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisure > Timesharel June 06, 2012 lViews: 249

The Enlightenment Age refers to the period preceded by the Prehistoric Age and followed by the Xia dynasty (2070 B.C.-1600 B.C.) in Chinese history, when the earliest Chinese civilization took into

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisure > Timesharel June 06, 2012 lViews: 265

The Chinese civilization (or Huaxia civilization) has a long history of more than 5,000 years, which begins with the emperor Huangdi period. China is known to the people from all over the world for

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisure > Timesharel June 05, 2012 lViews: 274

The prehistoric age is composed of the Paleolithic age and the Neolithic Age in Chinese history. The culture in prehistoric period is comprised of the matriarchal clan culture and the patriarchal

By: Young M Qingweil Travel & Leisurel June 05, 2012 lViews: 262

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus