Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

Mughal Emperor: Akbar The Great

April 10, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 441

One of the most successful emperors of the Mughal Empire, Emperor Akbar is also known as "Akbar the Great "or "Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar". He is universally known as "Akbar the Great" because of his ability to rule efficiently and dexterously. Akbar was born on 15th October 1542, to Emperor Humayun and Hamida Banu Begum.

The Rajput Fortress of Umarkot in Sindh became the birth place for this great emperor, where Humayun and Hamida were taking as refugee in the year 1540, Humayun was banished by an Afghani leader Sher Shah Suri and thus Akbar spent his childhood in Afghanistan.

Akbar's adolescence was spent in running, fighting and battling, rather than learning to read and write. Nevertheless, this could never impair his interest in art, architecture, music and literature. He made noteworthy contributions in the field of art and literature.

Akbar was a great aficionado of art and architecture and built many palaces, monuments during his reign: The Red Fort, Diwan-i-khas, the tomb of Salim Chisti, Panch mahal, Marian's Palace, Palace of Rani Sultana, Birbal-ki-beti-ka-mahal, and the famous Buland Darwaza.

In the year 1555, Humayun recaptured Delhi, with the help of his Persian friend Shah Tahmasp. Unfortunately, a few months after his victory, he met with an accident and died. Thus, in the year 1556, Akbar succeeded the throne of his father.

In his early years as an emperor, Akbar was assisted by his General known as Bairam Khan. After sometime however, Akbar removed him because of some misunderstandings. Subsequent to Bairam Khan, his nurse tried to overpower Akbar. She started to influence his beliefs and thoughts, but was unsuccessful in doing so. Later on, Akbar decided to take the empire and administration in his own hands.

With growing time and experience, Akbar demonstrated as an efficient ruler. His kingdom never witnessed any woes as his administration was perfectly smooth. Akbar was liberal to all other religions and never differentiated between Hindus and non-Hindus. He appointed many Hindus at high positions in his kingdom and thus was amongst one of those very few rulers, who were able to win over the trust and loyalty of Hindus.

Akbar is memorized as an open-minded ruler. He even set up a new faith, Din-i-Ilahi; an attempt to blend Islam with Hinduism, Christianity, Jainism, and other religions. He bestowed Hindus with important military and civil positions. He conferred honors upon them and married a Hindu princess.

He is one of the greatest King from the Mughal Empire; one of the distinguished personalities in the history of India. He was very much successful in every aspect. He strengthened his power after being successful in fighting two battles: one with the descendants of Sher Shah Suri and the second was with Hemu in Panipat.

He introduced Mansabdari system and zabti system. Akbar abolished the pilgrim tax, Jizya and held religious debates at Ibadat Khana which lead to the proclamation of his religion Din-i-llahi in which he integrated the best principles from all religions.

Akbar's court constituted of Navaratnas (Nine Jewels), a group of nine extraordinary people. They included: Abul Fazel, Faizi, Mian Tansen, Birbal Raja Todar Mal, Raja Man Singh, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana and Fakir Aziao-Din.

Akbar was significantly troubled in the last few years of his life due to the wrongdoings of his sons. He had three sons, two of them died when they were young. The last prince; Prince Jahangir (Salim) was in constant upheaval with his father. He was recurrently in rebellion against his father. These frequent battles against his own son proved to be detrimental for his health and the great emperor breathed his last in the year 1605.

He was buried with full nobility and many people grieved the death of this great emperor. His splendid tomb is located at Agra. The important sources which are available to study the history of Akbar: Akbar Nama written by Abul Fazal, Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh by Abdul Qadir Badauni, Tabaqat-i-Akbari by izamuddin Ahmed.

Rajul Chouhan

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Great Emperor


Emperor Akbar

It is true that a photo booth hire cannot actually replace a camera but you will never run short of photographs if you think of photo hire.It is true that a photo booth hire cannot actually replace a

By: Simon Liva l Arts & Entertainment > Photography l November 21, 2012 lViews: 268

Well-known director Pascal Laugier is once again all set to frighten his fans with another dreadful affair, The Tall Man. The spooky thriller has been produced by Clément Miserez, Kevin DeWalt,

By: rose jasmin l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l November 02, 2012 lViews: 262

The Good Wife is an American legal drama series. It was first broadcasted on CBS on 22nd September, 2009. It is the creation of Robert King and Michelle King. It is produced by the Kings, Ridley and

By: Monu Mani l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l November 01, 2012 lViews: 258

ICarly in an American teens show created by Dan Schneider who is also the executive producer of the show. this show is about a girl named Carly Shay who along with her best friends Sam and Freeddie

By: elvis l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l October 25, 2012 lViews: 265

Love stories are supposed to be full of romance, seduction and enduring love. As these funny love stories show, however, these stories can also be filled with laughter. Fortunately, shared laughter

By: Jasmine Montford l Arts & Entertainment > Humor l October 25, 2012 lViews: 311

Lost is an American television science fictional series that is full of mystery, adventure and supernatural drama. It was originally broadcasted on ABC from September 22, 2004 to May 23, 2010,

By: ramandeep l Arts & Entertainment > Movies TV l October 25, 2012 lViews: 336

To publicize national prestige and strengthen the bonds with foreign countries, Zheng He was sent to travel to the west under Emperor Chengzu's order for seven times, and he sailed with a fleet of 62

By: Young M Qingweil Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 18, 2012 lViews: 294

In a recent discussion of politics, a friend asked me if I knew what signs of trouble appeared during the Pax Romana that weakened Rome. I had an idea about the decline and fall of Rome, but he

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 14, 2012 lViews: 269

What was the crisis of the Third Century" and how did Emperors Diocletian and Constantine respond to it? Simply put, the crisis of the Third Century was the end of the Roman Empire. After AD 212, the

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 14, 2012 lViews: 289

Church planting is hard work. Let God give you direction.

By: Paul L Getterl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 229

The complete story of Rome must take into account the result of empire-building for the Roman Republic. As the Romans grew more comfortable with their form of government, and the aristocrats more

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 248

A friend once asked me if I knew what kind of government and society Rome had in the Republican Period? We were talking about politics and he wanted to school me on some of the finer points of

By: Curtis D Bradleyl Arts & Entertainment > Humanitiesl June 13, 2012 lViews: 218

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus