Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

The History of Home Schooling: 1600 - 1700

March 29, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 96

When English colonists emigrated to America, they transmitted the wealth of English culture. A significant part of this culture was the Christian ethic and the British Common Law that had developed and prevailed in England over the centuries. In the British Common Law, it was stated that parents owed children three duties: maintenance, protection, and education. It was deemed the duty of parents to provide their children "an education suitable to their station in life."

Two primary methods of tutorial education came into existence. These were the "dame school" and "apprenticeships."

"Dame schools" were arrangements between parents and a woman of the community who used her home for instructing several children in the rudiments of reading, writing, and arithmetic.

The "apprenticeship" system involved a contractual arrangement between the parents and a vocational teacher who would bring the children into his home while training them in his trade. In exchange for this training, the child was indentured to the teacher for a stipulated amount of time.

In 1647 Massachusetts Colony passed a law requiring each town populated by at least fifty families to provide an elementary school teacher for the education of their children.

The Middle Colonies were disinclined to adopt legislation requiring unified education. In the rural areas of the Middle Colonies there were fewer schools than there were in the market towns and more industrialized communities of the New England colonies. Religious groups in the farming communities were prone to provide non-secular education by establishing parochial schools.

In the Southern Colonies, a three-level class system evolved: the plantation dynasties of the aristocracy, the middle class comprised of merchants and land owning farmers with moderate acreage, and an all inclusive category of the common laborer and servant. The type and quality of education was determined by the social class of the family in which the child was educated.

The aristocratic class engaged tutors to educate their children at home. The middle class strata of farmers and merchants used a familial structure for the education of their children. The quality of education imparted to the children was determined solely by the academic background and expertise of the parents.

In none of the colonies was school attendance mandatory.

Home schooling existed in all of the original colonies. It was recognized as an important aspect of the colonial educational experience. The family had to transmit orally the knowledge, skills, and values of living in the colonies.

Celia Bishop, Ph.D., has been an active member of the educational community for over 25 years. Her interest in home schooling resulted in home schooling her son. She has taught educational courses at Kansas State University and Manhattan Christian College. Visit her website at

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Home Schooling


Middle Colonies


Non Secular Education

For gaining entrance in coveted fields in a reputed University, the entrance examinations are the gateway. The purpose of these entrance examinations is to test the potential of a candidate and how

By: Sarkariexam l Reference & Education > Science l December 23, 2012 lViews: 520

Competition is increasing at an alarming level in every sphere. The students have to focus completely on their studies to ensure that they get admission in the line of their choice. What more, the

By: Sarkariexam l Reference & Education > Continuing Education l December 14, 2012 lViews: 1443

'How hard is a PhD'? Many PhD holders have been asked this question millions of times, but there is never any definite answer. We look at those who walk around proudly with a 'Doctor' title with

By: onlineedublog l Reference & Education > Continuing Education l November 11, 2012 lViews: 284

In this fast paced world which is sadly recession struck, it is indeed a good idea to work while acquiring further education. A master’s degree is obviously better than a bachelor’s in almost

By: onlineedublog l Reference & Education > Online Education l November 04, 2012 lViews: 262

An Online Degree Program in Finance is gaining popularity as it helps students to develop a lucrative career. It helps in a competitive business world. This has resulted in more number of students

By: Matthew l Reference & Education > Online Education l October 31, 2012 lViews: 288

Supporting justice is one of the reasons many people get into a career in the legal field. All-inclusive Online Associate’s Degree in Legal Studies assists many in the beginning stage of employment

By: Richard l Reference & Education > Online Education l October 26, 2012 lViews: 222

One of the keys to winning big scholarships is to write really great application essays. The problem with application essays is that they have to be technically perfect, self-reflective essays. I

By: Lee Binzl Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 18, 2012 lViews: 188

Your student may be interested in both the local public university and the expensive private one across the country -- which one is actually cheaper?! When it comes to comparing colleges, it's

By: Lee Binzl Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 18, 2012 lViews: 213

Spring and summer generally offer more opportunities to go to a home educator's conference or convention. You can spend a good bit of time and money at these events. When you prepare ahead of time

By: Maggie Daill Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 14, 2012 lViews: 165

I have homeschooled my kids from Day No. 1. Sometimes people ask me why I do this, and my initial thought is along the lines of, "Why wouldn't I?" Plenty of valid reasons exist to homeschool.

By: Gwen Nicodemusl Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 14, 2012 lViews: 184

As a homeschooler, how do you demonstrate that your kids "get" what they have learned. Sure you can have them take a quiz or test, but there has to be a better way, right? There is. Notebooking.

By: Bekki Saylerl Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 13, 2012 lViews: 161

Visiting colleges is an absolutely critical part of your student's decision of where to attend. While it is an investment of money and time, it will save you money in the long run. There's nothing

By: Lee Binzl Reference & Education > Home Schoolingl June 10, 2012 lViews: 170

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus