Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

How Do I Test the Water and Fix Any Problems In My Waterfall Pond?

December 04, 2011 | Comments: 0 | Views: 139

You will need to use a test kit to determine if all levels in the nitrogen cycle are where they should be. When using the test kit you must be sure that you don't cause it to be contaminated. To avoid this you must do the following.

• Use clean equipment and a bottle with a dispenser • Put the bottle in the water and cap it underwater • Do not leave it in sunlight • Measure exactly as required • Finish within 2-10 minutes• Follow directions exactly

Now that you've completed the test, review the results. Acceptable results are:

• Ammonia-- Koi can tolerate a level of 1 ppm (parts per million) with water temperature at 70 degrees. The ideal level is zero. • A pH reading of 7-8.5 is normal. Acceptable would be in the range of 6-9.• Nitrite levels should be zero. Readings can increase when adding a lot of fish or when temperatures rise. Fish activity may increase faster than the bacteria activity. • Nitrate levels will be 50-100 ppm. The acceptable range is up to 200 ppm but below 100 is best. • KH (Carbon Hardness) result should be above 80 ppm. • Carbon Dioxide should be saturated in water at.5 ppm.

What should you do if the readings are not in the acceptable range?

• Ammonia levels can be reduced by cleaning out any decaying matter, clean the filter so that it can process more of the fish waste, and reduce the fish population. To neutralize the ammonia, change the water or add an ammonia blocker. Stop feeding your fish until levels are back to zero.

• If the nitrite levels are high it may be an indication that the filter isn't able to handle the amount of waste. You will need to cut down on feeding, reduce fish load and possibly increase the biological filtration. The immediate steps to take will be to add air and make a water change. Water change should be 10% for a 1 ppm level, 25% for a 1-2 ppm level, and 50% for any levels higher than 2 ppm. You will need to stop feeding the fish and stop UV filter use. Non-iodized salt will need to be added to the water. If the level is 1-2 ppm then add 2 pounds of pond salt for every hundred gallons of water and 3 pounds of salt for readings over 2 ppm. Repeat again if after 24 hours levels are still not right. If levels still aren't better or are 4 ppm or greater you should move your fish to a quarantine tank.

• To increase your KH levels add baking soda (sodium bicarbonate).

• Nitrate levels can be corrected by adding plants. The plants absorb and metabolize most of the nitrates as a food source.

• If carbon dioxide is high, add aeration such as fountains or waterfalls.

• If the pH level is too high, make a partial water change with acidic water. Check your pond to see what might be raising the pH level. Should the level be too low, add tap water or a source of lime (crushed shells or limestone chipping).

Keeping everything at acceptable levels can seem pretty overwhelming. If you have an appropriate pond filtration system for your waterfall pond and you have the right amount of fish that you feed properly you shouldn't have any major issues. Enjoy your Koi!

Vickie Talley

Knight Enterprises LLC

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Waterfall Pond


Nitrate Levels


Nitrite Levels


Ph Level


Pond Filtration


Koi Pond Filtration


Koi Pond

LED boat trailer lights are designed to offer high-power output and low-power consumption for ultra-bright and reliable illumination; they are sealed to resist UV-radiation, corrosion, and water

By: Simon Liva l Recreation & Sports > Boating l December 12, 2012 lViews: 273

All these scooters are highly durable as they have been made using qualitative materials. They are ideal for extreme tricks, jumps and stunts for youngsters and are extremely light in weight. All

By: Simon Liva l Recreation & Sports > Extreme l November 24, 2012 lViews: 412

The interest in BMXing has grown massively over the past few years. With BMX hitting its peak in the 80's with freestyle riders, the sport has never looked back. Even more impressively BMX racing is

By: Alan Trotter l Recreation & Sports > Cycling l October 24, 2012 lViews: 451

Mountain biking has grown vastly over the years from simple, open entry competitions to global world cup and olympic events. There are still local enthusiasts and the sport has a dedicated following.

By: Philip Loughran l Recreation & Sports > Mountain Biking l July 10, 2012 lViews: 247

It's unfortunate but true that although summer holidays such as the 4th of July and Labor Day offer some of the best opportunities for families to get out and enjoy some quality time together, with

By: Dexter Luck l Recreation & Sports > Boating l July 10, 2012 lViews: 584

The term "Klunker" that for years became synonymous with heavy, clumsy machines, was actually the model of bike made by the Schwinn company that had something to do with the origins of freestyle

By: John D Meyers l Recreation & Sports > Mountain Biking l July 10, 2012 lViews: 269

Ah yes - unfortunately it is that time of year once again. Pond algae is beginning to sprout like garden weeds, transforming your pond from a pleasant feature to a smelly eyesore seemingly overnight.

By: Tim LaBargel Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl June 25, 2012 lViews: 145

  A beautiful garden or comfortable bench surrounded by stunning lake scenery offers serenity that is difficult to find anywhere else. This paradise is easily stripped away when a pond or fountain

By: William Macl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl June 14, 2012 lViews: 128

With spring nearing, families will soon be enjoying their backyard ponds for swimming, fishing, or just relaxing nearby. That makes spring the perfect time to perform routine pond maintenance, right

By: William Macl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl February 13, 2012 lViews: 155

Aquaponics has shown to be an environmentally sustainable alternative to Aquaculture due to a greater efficiency in management of resources and a lower impact on the local environment. In this

By: Martha I Mc Kelliganl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl February 09, 2012 lViews: 154

Get Your Pond Ready for Winter Now! The days are getting shorter along with colder nights. Winter is on its way. As fall sets in, pond life slows down in preparation for the cold weeks ahead.

By: Allen Pollickl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl January 30, 2012 lViews: 150

For owners of a contained body of water, algae growth is no laughing matter. This pest can show up in any body and multiplies with ease, so controlling its spread is imperative to prevent the area

By: William Macl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl January 30, 2012 lViews: 149

Most of the time you will read about building a permanent quarantine tank or setting one up outside of your pond but there is another way. For those of you with a pond that is large enough, this is a

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl December 07, 2011 lViews: 128

A quarantine tank is necessary for holding new fish or taking care of sick fish. Some owners do not need or want a permanent tank. You may not have room for a temporary tank in the pond so a tank

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl December 07, 2011 lViews: 143

Do you go to a "fish" store to pick up a couple of Koi? Are you going to ask any questions before you buy? I don't know about you but if they were a dog I'd ask questions so I certainly will when I

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl December 05, 2011 lViews: 133

Everyone should know the three main requirements to keep the nitrogen cycle working properly. Do you know what you should be doing?

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl December 04, 2011 lViews: 111

My pond is clear and the Koi look beautiful. I don't have any water quality problems. Am I sure of that statement? Read on to discover the silent killers, invisible killers and what may be toxic even

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl December 04, 2011 lViews: 160

In order to determine if you can use a solar pump you will have to understand how they work. You will also have to decide if there will be fish in your pond. Solar pumps have both good and bad

By: Vickie J Talleyl Recreation & Sports > Fish Pondsl November 28, 2011 lViews: 112

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus