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Who Is Responsible For Our Water Pollution Woes?

April 27, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 210

Life on our earth consists of a delicate balance. If something gets thrown out of whack, then many possibly unexpected changes incur. Like, for instance, our freshwater ecosystems. When humans allow chemicals, pesticides, waste products, and the like to get into the water, many negative things happen. Plants and water animals can be killed, food supplies may be exhausted, and shortages of clean water could occur. You've probably heard a lot about water pollution, but do you really know what it is and what it can do?

For starters, there are two basic types of water pollution:

* point source pollution which means that pollutants are coming from a specific location

* non-point source pollution when the overall source is something less specific, such as agricultural run-off or highway dirt

Both types of pollution are responsible for environmental and health problems; however, non-point source pollution is much harder to control than that which can be traced back to a single source.

Industrial, livestock, and chemical wastes that are allowed to flow into rivers and streams are a major source of pollution. The waters that receive them become poisonous, oxygen levels decrease, and the creatures that live in the water die. Such industries as refineries, automotive plants, paper mills, and power plants are known to dispose of waste materials by pumping them into rivers. For example, when heated water is released from power plants, it reduces the amount of oxygen in the water resulting in the death of aquatic plants and animals.

In addition, organic wastes are produced by slaughterhouses, meat processing plants, and other types of animal manufacturing enterprises. Microorganisms decompose the organic waste materials which uses up the oxygen in the water. Many times this is what has happened when a body of water begins to have an offensive smell. Inorganic wastes are toxic substances that, if exposed to in sufficient quantities, can impair the natural processes of the body. These wastes include heavy metals, acids, mercury, and other materials that are by-products of industry.

You may be starting to think that all of the blame for water pollution can be laid at the door of industry and farming, but these things are only the tip of the iceberg. Actually, we as individuals are responsible for the largest percent of the pollution. There are approximately 7 billion people living in the world today, and if each one of them tossed or flushed one pollutant into our water resources today, that would mean 7 billion contaminants unrelated to manufacturing and agriculture.

If, for example, you threw a plastic water bottle into a lake or river today, you could be responsible for the deaths of countless aquatic creatures. Fish and other animals can become entangled in plastic mesh, strings, and pop can holders, or they may eat tiny pieces of the plastic which may kill them. It's estimated that it takes 450 to 1000 years for that one plastic bottle to decompose. Imagine how many animals it could damage in that length of time, then multiply it times 7 billion.

Other ways that people contribute to the pollution problem include the disposal of household wastes and sewage and the plethora of cleaning products and toiletries we all use every day. Every one of these products which we've grown to depend upon can contribute to your share of the pollution problem.

Looking for more information on emergency water filters? Separmatic Systems can provide you with all your water purification needs including diatomaceous earth filters and products.

Source: EzineArticles
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