Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

The Dangers Of A Holiday Romance

April 07, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 167

Many travellers enjoy holiday romances but few take the necessary precautions, behaving differently from how they would at home.HIV infection resulting from sex abroad is the single most fre­quent cause of lethal infection in travellers.

The commonest route for the spread of HIV infection world­wide is through heterosexual intercourse, despite the emphasis in the western press on 'high risk groups' such as homosexual nmen and intravenous drug-users. At the end of the last century, there were more new heterosexual infections with HIV diagnosed in England and Wales than there were due to homosexual contact. Most of the heterosexual HIV was acquired as a result of sex overseas, par­ticularly in countries in Africa but also in other regions of the world where the risk is increasing rapidly.

In Britain, an anonymous study of travellers attending the Hospital for Tropical Diseases for tropical disease screening found that the HIV rate in heterosexual male travellers was 1.2 per cent.This is probably just the tip of the iceberg. Many HIV infec­tions go undiagnosed in the UK, because travellers do not re­alise the increased dangers of having sex with a new partner in a high HIV-prevalence country and therefore do not present themselves for HIV screening.

The HIV/AIDS epidemic is rampant in Africa, which has 90 per cent of the reported HIV/AIDS cases. In some areas of the world, up to 90 per cent of commercial sex workers of both sexes are HIV-positive, and as many as one in three of the adult population are infected. HIV rates are rapidly increasing in India, in countries around Asia's Golden Triangle, in many other parts of the tropics and in the former USSR.

In reality it is not possible to construct a world map showing global distribution of risk, as a lot of under-reporting goes on for a variety of social, cultural and economic reasons. While some places certainly have a higher incidence of sexually trans­mitted diseases than others, it is important to bear in mind that the risk depends on behaviour as well as geography, and easy sex is the greatest risk factor.

A Swedish study of nearly 1,000 women showed that 28 per cent had had casual travel sex, more than 85 per cent of their partners had originated from Europe, 76 per cent of them were drunk during casual sex, and only 9 per cent used a condom.

The risk of becoming infected with HIV from a single sexual encounter is 0.01-1 per cent and is passed on more frequently from male to female. This risk is increased in the presence of ulcerative genital disease. The risk of HIV infection maybe re­duced by using condoms, especially condoms with spermicide.

Buy condoms before travelling, look for the British standards kitemark, and use them.

HIV eventually causes AIDS in the majority of people who have been infected. The interval between infection and the de­velopment of AIDS, however, may be more than ten years. At present there is no vaccine against HIV infection and there is no cure, although medical management of HIV-positive individu­als is improving dramatically. The majority of HIV-positive in­dividuals are unaware that they have been infected and cannot be distinguished from non-infected people.

HIV is not transmitted by hugging or social kissing, or using the same toilet seat, swimming pool or cup as a HIV infected person. There is no evidence that it is transmitted by mosqui­toes or other insects.

Hepatitis B is spread by the same means as HIV but is 100 times more infectious than HIV and may also be spread by bed bugs.

It is another virus infection that is widespread in the tropics, and local people are usually infected at birth or in early child­hood. A minority will continue to carry the virus but will have no obvious signs of infection. This minority is large-up to 20 per cent of young adults in the Far East and 5 to 15 per cent of young adults in Africa, the Middle East and South and Central America. There is an effective vaccine available for hepatitis B.

It has been estimated that each year, 1 in 20 adolescents world­wide contracts a sexually transmitted disease. The most serious are HIV and hepatitis B, but the classical venereal diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhoea are extremely common.

The incidence of syphilis has been increasing in the former states of the USSR, and in some of the eastern European coun­tries that have taken over from the more traditional 'sex tour­ism' countries. There is worldwide concern about the spread of multi-resistant gonorrhoea, which means that if this disease is acquired abroad it may be harder to treat. A new sexual encounter anywhere in the world can pass on the usual infec­tions such as lice, NSU which stands for non-specific urethritis, herpes and genital warts, but travel to the tropics can lead to an occasional exotic infection such as chancroid which causes a genital ulcerative condition.

Self medication should not be attempted and any sexual en­counter with a new partner while travelling should be followed by a detailed check-up on return home, even if no symptoms are apparent. The Swedish study showed that one in four of the women who considered themselves healthy had an STD or a vaginal condition called bacterial vaginosis on screening.

Hopefully this article will have served as a warning which will be heeded.

Ian has returned to his first love travel writing, and discovering new places to go and stay. Take a look at Great Vacation Resorts, great vacation spots you may not have thought of. Also check out Top Places To Travel where you will find 10 top places to travel

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Hiv Infection


Holiday Romance


Sexual Encounter

Your body needs glucose in order to get energy for cell and tissue function. Without energy, the cells do not function properly and the immune system is compromised. When your blood glucose levels

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Diabetes l July 09, 2013 lViews: 2617

Heavy Metals - Free radicals (tissue damaging molecules that cause aging and bodily deterioration) are the result of the ever-present toxins within our environment. Heavy metals are contained in

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Supplements l July 09, 2013 lViews: 607

Braun shavers and trimmers are very standard brand and their new curser beard and head trimmer is big for trimming beards. This trimmer was specifically made to be able to trim down your beard and

By: Lovey Blackburn l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 20, 2012 lViews: 459

On this website you will find latest makeup reviews and swatches from real people. You will know how makeup products look in real life, and you can also participate! Post your photos, tips and

By: l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 09, 2012 lViews: 320

You can either seek referrals from friends and associates or search for consultants on the internet. The latter, in our opinion, would be a viable option for those pressed for time.You can either

By: Simon Liva l Health & Fitness > Diseases l December 07, 2012 lViews: 269

Healthy living is essential in today's world, to ensure one's well being. Learn how to relax and improve your mood now! Be it exercising, or indulging in one's passions and hobbies, be sure to set

By: Clarinda l Health & Fitness > Mind Body Spirit l December 02, 2012 lViews: 262

Anyone that has had sexual contact can catch a sexually transmitted disease. Although STDs are more prevalent among teenagers and young adults, most are caught by people under the age of 25 years old.

By: Philip Albert Edmonds-Huntl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl July 10, 2012 lViews: 191

There are many things to worry about with STD testing. See what options you have and how you can feel protected from the judgments of others.

By: Alfred Ardisl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl July 10, 2012 lViews: 228

The world keeps ticking along, as we mere mortals go about our precious lives, each one in a different way, offering varied experience to the great unknown cosmos. That's deep, there's no doubt about

By: Slava Fuzayloffl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl July 06, 2012 lViews: 192

Is fast always better? Maybe not when sitting back on a tropical beach, Corona in hand, gazing at a gorgeous sunset, but it surely is when you're waiting for the results of a medical test. Rapid HIV

By: Slava Fuzayloffl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl June 29, 2012 lViews: 176

While a new strain of gonorrhea looms over our heads, it is especially important to get tested at an STD clinic. Stay two steps ahead of the new strain of gonorrhea by visiting an STD clinic today.

By: Renee Klepzigl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl June 28, 2012 lViews: 251

The dangers of professional sports teams' party buses. What single women should know about STDs before boarding.

By: Renee Klepzigl Health & Fitness > Diseases STDsl June 28, 2012 lViews: 311

If you are in any doubt about possible travel problems because of a pre-existing medical condition, then consult your family doctor. People with heart or chest problems, recurrent blood clots in the

By: Ian SG Smithl Travel & Leisure > Travel Planningl February 25, 2012 lViews: 128

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus