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Melting Point for Candle Making Waxes - The Big Three!

February 26, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 168

There are many different kinds of wax that can be used for candlemaking, each with their own unique characteristics. What are generally considered to be the three main wax types used in candle making are outlined below:

Paraffin Wax, which is a by product made during the creation of crude oil, is one of the most popular and readily available types of wax. Paraffin wax is often graded by its melting point: low melting point paraffin can melt at around 55ºC and is very soft which makes it unsuitable for moulded and carved candles. Medium melting point paraffin, ranging anywhere from 55ºC to 63ºC is also too soft for moulded or carved candles and is therefore used predominantly for making poured candles. High melting point paraffin, with a melting point of 63ºC to 66ºC is harder and suitable for carved and molded candles. It also has a longer burn time compared to softer grades of paraffin.

Beeswax is a natural form of wax though is usually quite expensive. Many people like to use beeswax as it has a naturally sweet scent and produces little to no smoke. It also burns very slowly so is sometimes mixed with paraffin wax to prolong a candles burn time. The melting point of beeswax is approximately 66ºC. Pure beeswax is sticky so if you're wanting to create moulded candles you would usually avoid it or alternatively blend it with another type of wax with more mould friendly qualities.

Soy wax is becoming more and more popular as a cheaper alternative to beeswax whilst remaining natural. Soy is a clean-burning wax that can be used without the need for any additivies and has a melting point ranging from 49ºC to 82ºC, depending on the blend. Soy wax holds scent better than paraffin wax due to its natural oils and shrinks very little during the candle making process, making it a good choice for container candles. It is also rare for pockets of air to form in this type of wax so there is little requirement for multiple pours or 'topping up' associated with paraffin wax.

So these constitute the big three, whilst there are others that can be used for the art of candle making these are by far the most common. Candle makers will often mix waxes depending on their intended use to gain the best characteristics from each type.

Happy Candle Making! The Candlekit Maker

If you found the above information useful and want to learn more in the field of candlemaking come and visit us at http://www.candlemakingtips.co.uk. We aim to pool the knowledge of candle makers the world over and provide a centralised collection of candle making tips, tricks and advice. If you need candle making kits and supplies for your next project visit our store http://www.thecandlekitmaker.co.uk

Source: EzineArticles
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