Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

Intra-Uterine Devices of Contraception

July 19, 2011 | Comments: 0 | Views: 124

Doctors are still not entirely sure how the intra-uterine device (IUD or IUCD), often called the coil, works. They believe that it is one of the methods which discourage implantation of a fertilized egg. Early IUDs were made of metal but current devices are usually plastic, or plastic and copper wire. The copper wire appears to improve the efficiency of the device, so that it can be made even smaller and still function. However, whereas plastic-only devices can be left in place for many years, a plastic and copper IUD must be changed about every three years.

The IUD has the advantage that once installed it gives protection against pregnancy immediately. The safety rate is about 98 per cent. It can even be inserted in order to prevent pregnancy some days after unprotected intercourse has occurred. Another advantage is that on removal of the IUD, the woman is able to become pregnant immediately.

An IUD should be inserted by a trained doctor. The woman may experience discomfort, resembling menstrual cramps, during and after the procedure. The more experienced the doctor and relaxed the patient, the less likely this is to happen. Women who have not had a pregnancy or those having multiple partners are slightly more at risk of suffering a pelvic infection with an IUD and there is greater risk of ectopic pregnancy. Also, since the device can encourage heavy periods, women with already troublesome periods would be advised to try another method. Another disadvantage is that the device may be expelled by uterine contractions. If this occurs unnoticed the woman may uncorrectly think intercourse is safe. Apart from simply checking that it is still in place by feeling the thread attached to it in the vagina, no further contraceptive care is needed.

Chemical methods

Spermicides are chemical preparations that kill sperm. They are not in themselves reliable contraceptives, but give added protection when used with other methods. They come in jelly or cream form, in a tube or as a foam from an aerosol. They are also available as pessaries. Spermicidal cream or jelly is spread over a diaphragm or condom before insertion. The effective life of the spermicide is about three hours, so if intercourse does not take place in that time, a further application of spermicide should be made, either the jelly or cream using an applicator, or in the pessary form. The spermicide should also be 'topped up' in this way if sex takes place more than once.

Find out about a method of contraception that I rate number one for health at

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Barrier Methods


Female Barrier


Sheath Slipping




Intra Uterine Devices


Copper Wire

Your body needs glucose in order to get energy for cell and tissue function. Without energy, the cells do not function properly and the immune system is compromised. When your blood glucose levels

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Diabetes l July 09, 2013 lViews: 2617

Heavy Metals - Free radicals (tissue damaging molecules that cause aging and bodily deterioration) are the result of the ever-present toxins within our environment. Heavy metals are contained in

By: Clifford H Woods l Health & Fitness > Supplements l July 09, 2013 lViews: 607

Braun shavers and trimmers are very standard brand and their new curser beard and head trimmer is big for trimming beards. This trimmer was specifically made to be able to trim down your beard and

By: Lovey Blackburn l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 20, 2012 lViews: 461

On this website you will find latest makeup reviews and swatches from real people. You will know how makeup products look in real life, and you can also participate! Post your photos, tips and

By: l Health & Fitness > Beauty l December 09, 2012 lViews: 321

You can either seek referrals from friends and associates or search for consultants on the internet. The latter, in our opinion, would be a viable option for those pressed for time.You can either

By: Simon Liva l Health & Fitness > Diseases l December 07, 2012 lViews: 269

Healthy living is essential in today's world, to ensure one's well being. Learn how to relax and improve your mood now! Be it exercising, or indulging in one's passions and hobbies, be sure to set

By: Clarinda l Health & Fitness > Mind Body Spirit l December 02, 2012 lViews: 263

Teenage girls are able to legally have contraceptive hormones implanted in their arms without parental consent provided their doctors think they are able to understand the implications of their

By: Vanessa Lee Thomasl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll March 07, 2012 lViews: 199

A reader recently asked an interesting question: "Can ultrasound cause hearing problems for babies? My doctor told me that it could. I had an ultrasound each month during my first four months of

By: Roman Rusak Antonovl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll February 14, 2012 lViews: 174

Could the position of my uterus affect my chances of getting pregnant? Your uterus lies in the midline of your pelvis. It may be angled slightly toward your abdominal wall (anteverted) or toward your

By: Roman Rusak Antonovl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll February 01, 2012 lViews: 189

There are many choices available for birth control. One you might not have though about is called VCF. It's simple to use, effective, and has no serious side effects like other methods of

By: Jeffrey S Keysarl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll January 31, 2012 lViews: 228

When a woman has determined that she has had all the children she wishes to have and that she does not want any additional children in the future, a surgical procedure called tubal ligation surgery

By: Kristy M Theisl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll January 29, 2012 lViews: 270

Hundreds of million of women worldwide use birth control pills. Since its introduction over 50 years ago, these pills have influenced how societies, and women in particular, view the issues of sexual

By: N. Curtisl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll January 24, 2012 lViews: 183

Sterilization has emerged in the last two decades as a popular and effective method of birth control. It is argued by some that it is actually the most important issue of our time considering the

By: Cheryl Bradyl Health & Fitness > Birth Controll July 20, 2011 lViews: 108

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus