Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

Forklift Engine Types Explained: Electric and Internal Combustion

June 06, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 270

 Industrial fork lift trucks are divided into two categories: electric and internal combustion (IC). Forklift engine types determine how the forklift operates, where it can be used (indoor or outdoor), weight capacity, and overall performance.

Powered by lead-acid batteries, several types of forklifts are electric: cushion tire forklifts, scissor lifts, order pickers, stackers, reach trucks and pallet jacks. Electric forklifts are primarily used indoors on flat, even surfaces.

The initial cost of an electric forklift tends to be higher than most IC fork lifts, but its annual fuel and maintenance cost is less expensive over time. Electric lift truck batteries last 6 consecutive hours or throughout an 8-hour shift with 2-3 breaks. The charge of the battery determines the strength of the lift: a fully charged forklift operates at its fullest capacity while a low charge slows its performance. Warehouses and distribution centers that use an electric for more than 7 consecutive hours keep an extra charged battery on hand. While electrics are easier to maintain than ICs, they are not recommended for continuous use of transporting loads greater than 15,000 lbs. Batteries prevent the emission of harmful fumes and are recommended for facilities in food-processing and healthcare sectors.

Internal combustion forklifts are powered by fossil fuels such as gas, propane and diesel. There are several types of IC fork lifts: pneumatic tire forklifts, rough terrains, scissor lifts, telehandlers, and boom lifts. IC forklifts are primarily used for outdoor applications.

An internal combustion forklift's fuel powers the lift longer than an electric (one LP tank = 8 consecutive hours) and can be refueled in less than 10 minutes. IC forklifts are more powerful than electric forklifts, but their emission of harmful fumes (e.g. carbon monoxide) is not ideal for indoor applications. However, LP forklifts can be used indoors with proper ventilation and large aisle dimensions. IC forklifts have a better performance rate than electric forklifts for high capacity loads over 20,000 lbs. While the initial cost of internal combustion forklifts is lower than electric, these forklifts require more routine maintenance and higher fuel prices.

With skyrocketing gas prices and the "Go Green" movement, forklift brands like Toyota, Mitsubishi, Linde and Yale are developing fuel alternatives in an effort to manufacture an "eco-friendly forklift" reduce the carbon footprint of the industrial sector. The development of natural gas and hydrogen fuel cells has been their main focus for the last three years.

In 2010, BMW Manufacturing Company first announced it was working with forklift brand manufacturer Linde to develop of hydrogen forklifts and hydrogen refueling stations to operate their forklift fleet. After just two years, the BMW Sports Vehicle plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina now employs over 100 hydrogen forklifts.

Popular grocery stores Whole Foods, Wal-Mart, and Wegman's also reported their use of hydrogen cell forklifts. Since 2010 was a big year for hydrogen forklifts, why aren't these fork lifts being distributed into local forklift dealerships to be sold to small-medium size companies? Are eco-friendly forklifts too expensive for the average Joe? While these brand manufacturers continue to experiment with hydrogen fuel cells, other brands are thinking on a smaller scale. Hyster, one of the most popular manufacturing brands, is restructuring the design of their current models to reuse energy and reduce fume emissions.

Both internal combustion and electric forklifts are vital components in warehouses, construction sites and distribution centers. To determine which engine type best suits your facility, it is recommended to compare price quotes and services of 3-4 forklift dealerships.

123Forklift ( connects forklift dealers with customers across the United States, Canada, Mexico, Spain, Germany and South Africa. We generate leads for new and used forklifts, sit down riders, electric forklifts, pallet jacks, order pickers, reach trucks, stackers, scissor lifts.

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

Rate this Article

Article Tags:

Used Forklifts For Sale


Used Forklifts


Used Forklift For Sale


Forklift For Sale


Electric Forklift

In India, employment opportunities are set to grow by a good margin in the coming year, a phase which was started in the turn of the second decade of the 21st century. organisation, candidates with

By: Sarkariexam l Business > Careers Employment l April 01, 2013 lViews: 11708

Sometimes it is amazing to see that certain jobs can precipitate huge turnouts in the recruitment drives. It is as if thousands of people were waiting for the vacancy advertisements and the moment

By: Sarkariexam l Business > Careers Employment l December 30, 2012 lViews: 690

In recent times, jobs in healthcare segments have grown tremendously. It is anticipated that this growth curve will continue for the times to come. Various factors are responsible for this

By: Sarkariexam l Business > Career Advice l December 27, 2012 lViews: 447

Are you in a dilemma whether to choose web based CRM or not? If yes, don’t worry. You aren’t the sole person having this doubt.There are numerous firms trying to make out whether investing in a

By: Reneta Vasileva l Business > Customer Service l December 23, 2012 lViews: 409

If you think about it you will realize the fact that each business has its own set of risks that are involved in it.The trade secrets that you have and the information related to the business is what

By: brumbrum1 l Business > Risk Management l December 23, 2012 lViews: 263

As the time is changing, concierge management services are now growing despite the slowing economies of the world. The main reason of it is the need that is highly specific to the people who like to

By: willsmith10 l Business > Management l December 23, 2012 lViews: 333

Modern epoxy flooring is flexible and adaptable enough to be suitable for your business no matter what that business involves. Whether you run a factory with hard wearing toughness as the top

By: Jack H Welshl Business > Construction Industryl June 14, 2012 lViews: 201

If you have the need to find the best pole setter for your current field of operations, there are a variety of different features and factors to consider. You will want to make sure that you choose

By: Jerry Seamanl Business > Construction Industryl June 13, 2012 lViews: 221

If you have a handsome, well-organized, and friendly contractor website, it will appeal to the kind of customers that you want - the kind who are organized enough to tell you exactly what they need,

By: Kim Hopkinsl Business > Construction Industryl June 12, 2012 lViews: 205

If you are in the business of construction then you must be aware of the fact that transporting one item to another place is one of the most important aspects of your business. Forklifts are used to

By: Luciens Castrol Business > Construction Industryl June 08, 2012 lViews: 278

Most industrial experts believe that when we talk about testing, action prototype machining it a great solution. If the entire procedure is difficult, it may not be easy to complete the project. In

By: Leslie D Panlaquel Business > Construction Industryl June 08, 2012 lViews: 205

The big picture behind every floor renovation idea is always to obtain a lost long lasting and attractive surface!! There are various options that are available when it comes to flooring; however it

By: Pauline R Rosel Business > Construction Industryl June 08, 2012 lViews: 180

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus