Author Box
Articles Categories
All Categories
Articles Resources

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Milestones Since 1950-2000

June 15, 2012 | Comments: 0 | Views: 216

Try to imagine a world without strict quality assurance and quality control guidelines - where packaged foods fail to list all ingredients, where medications contain substances that are harmful to human health. It may conjure up images of peddlers of yore, hawking their tinctures and miracle powders to an unsuspecting public, an image that ceased to be a reality in the 20th century, as such fields as food and pharmaceutical testing took great leaps forward, thanks, in part, to the emergence of three game-changing concepts: Cost of Quality, Zero Defects and Total Quality Management (TQM).

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Concept #1, Cost of Quality, 1950s

This quality assurance and quality control concept goes by several names, including "the price of nonconformance" and "the cost of poor quality." At the time of its emergence, it had one main advocate, Joseph Juran, a Romanian-born American who used statistics to study the human reasons behind organizational errors. Although he worked for a communications company, his theories and methods had far reaching effects, and continue to impact pharmaceutical testing and food quality training today.

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Concept #2, Zero Defects, 1960s

This concept emerged in the aerospace industry in the '60s, but has left an enduring mark on the quality assurance and quality control industry. Its influence can still be felt in pharmaceutical testing and food quality training programs around the world.

Championed by Philip Crosby, a quality control manager for an American missile program, Zero Defects is an approach to quality assurance and quality control that views defects as quite simply unacceptable. According to this principle, there is no excuse for mistakes of any kind. Critics have argued that a certain level of error is unavoidable in any endeavour, to which a proponent of Zero Defects might respond that it would be unacceptable for even one in a million bottles of over-the-counter painkillers to contain a harmful substance. To anticipate error is to set one's sights too low, according to the proponents of Zero Defects.

The intolerance for error makes this concept of particular interest to the pharmaceutical testing and food quality training world.

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Concept #3, Total Quality Management, 1980-

Total Quality Management takes an integrative approach to quality assurance and quality control whereby every person, at every level of an organization, who is involved in any way with bringing a product to market is ultimately responsible for the quality of that product.

This concept, which impacts pharmaceutical testing and food quality training today, is attributed to the combined work of multiple quality assurance and quality control leaders, including the aforementioned Joseph Juran.

How has the field evolved since the turn of the millennium? Some say that there has been a transition away from a focus on manufacturing towards a focus on service - a shift that perhaps reflects some larger changes in North America, where the manufacturing sector has famously fallen on hard times.

Visit AAPS for more information on online learning.

Rima Hammoudi is a Copywriter at Higher Education Marketing, a leading Web marketing firm specializing in Google Analytics, Education Lead Generation, Search Engine Optimization (SEO), Mobile SMS Alerts, Social Media Marketing and Pay Per Click Marketing, among other Web marketing services and tools.

Source: EzineArticles
Was this Helpful ?

 
0
 
0
 
Rate this Article
 vote(s)
Feedback
Print
Re-Publish

Article Tags:

Quality Control

,

Quality Assurance

,

Pharmaceutical Testing

,

Food Quality Training

,

Food Quality

For gaining entrance in coveted fields in a reputed University, the entrance examinations are the gateway. The purpose of these entrance examinations is to test the potential of a candidate and how

By: Sarkariexam l Reference & Education > Science l December 23, 2012 lViews: 519

Competition is increasing at an alarming level in every sphere. The students have to focus completely on their studies to ensure that they get admission in the line of their choice. What more, the

By: Sarkariexam l Reference & Education > Continuing Education l December 14, 2012 lViews: 1443

'How hard is a PhD'? Many PhD holders have been asked this question millions of times, but there is never any definite answer. We look at those who walk around proudly with a 'Doctor' title with

By: onlineedublog l Reference & Education > Continuing Education l November 11, 2012 lViews: 284

In this fast paced world which is sadly recession struck, it is indeed a good idea to work while acquiring further education. A master’s degree is obviously better than a bachelor’s in almost

By: onlineedublog l Reference & Education > Online Education l November 04, 2012 lViews: 262

An Online Degree Program in Finance is gaining popularity as it helps students to develop a lucrative career. It helps in a competitive business world. This has resulted in more number of students

By: Matthew l Reference & Education > Online Education l October 31, 2012 lViews: 287

Supporting justice is one of the reasons many people get into a career in the legal field. All-inclusive Online Associate’s Degree in Legal Studies assists many in the beginning stage of employment

By: Richard l Reference & Education > Online Education l October 26, 2012 lViews: 221

So you’ve thought of a degree program that you’ll be pursuing at college, and now you are down to college shopping. Your choice varies widely from online colleges to the traditional university,

By: Richardl Reference & Education > College Universityl October 25, 2012 lViews: 218

This article outlines the tips to help you write a high quality technology term paper. It outlines simple to understand tips that will help you earn top grades in your term paper. Regardless of the

By: Bradley Johnsonl Reference & Education > College Universityl October 24, 2012 lViews: 162

The 20th century was a time of great change for pharmaceutical quality assurance. A timeline of major events, ranging from the introduction in the U.S. of the Pure Food and Drug Act to new

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 219

Three names that you may have never heard of, but that help keep you safe when you go to the pharmacy or grocery store. Pioneers in quality assurance and quality control.

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 243

Before there was the Food and Drug Administration, there was the Bureau of Chemistry, which, under the leadership of Harvey Wiley, hastened the emergence of food and pharmaceutical testing, but using

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 230

What to expect from Scottish universities. A brief guide to where and what you could be studying up north.

By: Harvey McEwanl Reference & Education > College Universityl June 13, 2012 lViews: 197

The 20th century was a time of great change for pharmaceutical quality assurance. A timeline of major events, ranging from the introduction in the U.S. of the Pure Food and Drug Act to new

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 219

Three names that you may have never heard of, but that help keep you safe when you go to the pharmacy or grocery store. Pioneers in quality assurance and quality control.

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 243

Before there was the Food and Drug Administration, there was the Bureau of Chemistry, which, under the leadership of Harvey Wiley, hastened the emergence of food and pharmaceutical testing, but using

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > College Universityl June 15, 2012 lViews: 230

You may already know that high-performance liquid chromatography courses teach students how to identify and separate the individual components of a compound using a pump. But did you know that this

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > Vocational Trade Schoolsl May 24, 2012 lViews: 175

HPLC is a kind of a laboratory testing that requires training to truly understand. What can beginning students expect to encounter in their first HPLC courses?

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > Vocational Trade Schoolsl May 24, 2012 lViews: 214

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) courses introduce students to a wide range of new tools and accessories, including tubing, valves and flanges. Here is an overview of some of the stuff

By: Rima Hammoudil Reference & Education > Vocational Trade Schoolsl May 24, 2012 lViews: 205

Discuss this Article

comments powered by Disqus